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Knowledge Sharing with Distributed Networking Tools
A presentation for the Networks September 12–14 Mini-online Event -
Cool Results: Engaging Clients in E-learning
Photos (clockwise from top left) by:
A is for Angie
Archived Elluminate sessions:
Session One - Monday 12th September
Session Two - Tuesday 13th September
n.b. The second session is the better one - it's longer and covers more.
Alternatively, you can listen to an
audio recording in MP3 format
(23.4 MB, 112 mins) of the second session and follow along with this wiki.
- A presentation with audio on Slideshare.
Recent feedback from the Network about this presentation:
demonstrate some of the online tools that can be used to share knowledge - social software, web feeds, tagging and Creative Commons licensing - and discuss how they are part of the emerging networked learning paradigm. They talk about:
The read write web and personalised media
Social networking software
the Networked Learning Model
Rip Mix and Feed
the future Virtual Learning Environment
At the end of the session participants will be able to:
Describe social software tools and understand how they can be used to form networks, communicate and share resources.
Understand how web feeds and tagging can be used to communicate and collaborate, as well as manage, build and deliver resources.
Understand how Creative Commons licensing can be used to encourage the sharing of resources.
Conceptualise how these tools are creating new opportunities for learning, broadly known as networked learning.
3. PERSONALISED MEDIASCAPE AND THE READ/WRITE WEB
The internet and world wide web is arguably entering its second phase (
). Though much later than the Internet's early adopters perhaps hoped, the read/write web is emerging - a popular media device where everyone and anyone can publish content just as easily as they consume content. Media and communications have been dramatically democratised, challenging most of society's institutions. In education, the read/write web is posing a challenge to traditional educational practices, leading many to think we may be on the verge of an historic paradigm shift in the ways we think about teaching and learning.
Examples of the Read/Write web
Hurricane Katrina entry
on Wikipedia - the free encyclopedia that anyone can add to and edit.
Evolving Personalised Information Construct (EPIC)
- Futuristic video (8 minutes) based on the concept of a personalised mediascape.
EdTechPosse conversation with Stephen Downes
- discussion about online learning and Web 2.0 (audio quality is poor but audible).
4. SOCIAL SOFTWARE
What is Social Software?
Web-based applications that enable links to be made between people and content based on commonality of purpose, use or interest. Social software has been around for some time but only recently has it emerged as a popular tool for networking, research, teaching and learning.
Examples of Social Software
Blogs & online journals -
, LiveJournal, ModBlog
Photo publish & sharing -
Media hosting & publishing -
The Internet Archive
Web-based web feed readers -
Social bookmarks -
Social networking sites -
A course in using social software for research -
A graduate course in social software
5. RSS FEEDS
What are RSS Feeds?
RSS feeds are files that are automatically generated by websites that regularly update content such as news sources, blogs and other information sources. Subscribing to RSS feeds with feed-reading applications makes it easy to keep up-to-date with multiple sources of information without having to visit each website individually.
What is RSS?
RSS (Really Simple Syndication or Rich Site Summary)
is the technology that enables web feeds.
(eXtensible Markup Language) is the programming language that RSS feeds are written in.
are other protocols used for creating web feeds.
Types of Web Feeds
News sources - e.g.
Sydney Morning Herald
triple j music news
Blogs and online journals -
Weblogg-ed - The Read/Write Web in the Classroom
Latest books, records, electronic products -
Amazon.com Syndicated Content
Photo streams -
Web based bookmarks -
Jobsearch - e.g.
RSS Australian Job Search Feeds from Positions VACANT
TV Guides - e.g.
ABC TV guide via RSS
Podcasts - e.g.
Casting the Net
More uses at Tim Yang's
Things you can do with RSS
How Can we Read and Share RSS Feeds?
News Readers, Feed Aggregators
Stand-alone desktop applications - e.g.
Plug-ins for desktop email applications - e.g.
Newsgator for Outlook
Plug-ins for web browsers - e.g.
Pluck for Internet Explorer
Personal start pages -
Google Personal Page
Web-based - e.g.
Leigh Blackall's public bloglines account
Displaying RSS Feeds on a Web Page
It is possible to display feeds on any web page (including blogs, wikis and Learning Management Systems). This is sometimes called "syndication".
Examples of Displaying Web Feeds on a Web Page
Networked Learning home page
displays a web feed from del.icio.us with websites tagged "networkedlearning"
Alan Levine's blog
has a flickr badge - a way of displaying the most current photos from a flickr account - in the sidebar
Tools for Displaying Feeds on a Web Page
- a tool to help you format a feed's display with the information you want to use on your web site.
- puts a customisable box for displaying RSS feeds on a web page
Mix, filter and republish or syndicate feeds to a website or to a new feed with
Future Trends for RSS Feeds
Some of the developments that will bring web feeds into the mainstream:
The next version of Windows - Vista (previously codenamed "Longhorn") - will
integrate web feeds into the operating system
, making it easy to subscribe to web feeds and making it possible to pull all sorts of updated information into desktop applications such as calendars.
Applications like Google's
(which comes with a
) and Yahoo!'s
place small applications on your desktop which provide displays of personalised information including web feeds.
Uses of RSS Feeds in Education
Students can subscribe to a teacher's website and receive updated content to their personal web spaces (blog, start page, website).
Teachers can subscribe to their student's personal web spaces and have student's work arrive centrally.
Students can subscribe to each other's feeds enabling them to share resources and perspectives.
Teachers and students can subscribe to other experts in the field, broadening their field of reference, building a personalised reading list, and bringing it back to their teaching and learning contexts.
Librarians can subscribe to feeds relevant to topics taught by the school faculties, and filter information and offer quality assured resources to teaching staff.
Professional development units can subscribe to feeds related to teacher training and filter information and build PD resources for their staff.
Students, parents, staff and management can keep up-to-date with school news and events - e.g.
Hunterdon Central Regional High School Channels
A typical day for a teacher integrating aggregation-style technologies into their teaching practice -
Morning at RSS-Blog-Furl High School Redux
What Are Webfeeds (RSS), and Why Should You Care?
RSS Quick Start Guide for Educators
What is Tagging?
Tagging is a method for collaboratively categorising resources using keywords (a practice known as
). Tagging resources can be an effective way to manage and share resources, and can assist in recalling them at a later date.
Many web services such as social bookmaking tools now provide tagging. With social bookmarking software you can tag a resource, and quickly find other resources tagged with similar tag words, or use tags to find users with similar interests.
Common social software with tagging capabilities
- popular, free and web based tagging and social bookmarking
- a free, Web based RSS/ATOM aggregator and bookmarks manager
- A blog search engine that searches blog posts based on tags
- Image publishing and sharing web application that offers tags
Examples of Tagging
Professional development resources for online teachers, collaboratively grouped using the
Del.icio.us tag edpdonline
Reading lists for classes
- Liz Dorland's Chemistry Class tags.
Digital pictures of the AusTAFE 2005 conference collaboratively grouped using a
Flickr tag austafe2005
Podcasted audio in the Podcast.net directory tagged with
Michael Nelson makes an excellent case for
using Technorati tags as a student feedback system
- Blogposts tagged with 'TAFE'
Jon Udell: Language evolution with del.icious
- A five minute audio visual screen recording demonstrating the uses of tagging in Del.icio.us.
A Brief Introduction to Tags
- includes global usage statistical data from lead tagging service Technorati.
Ontology is over rated
- Clay Shirky on why current categorization is no good.
7. CREATIVE COMMONS LICENSING
What is Creative Commons?
licenses expand the range of creative work available for others to legally build upon and share. Where the default copyright license says "all rights reserved", a Creative Commons license says "some rights reserved" and gives clear indication of what people can do with the licensed content. Thanks to the popularity of the Creative Commons licenses there is a vast quantity of online content feely available for public use without the need to seek permissions or pay fees or royalties.
explains the basics behind the Creative Commons licenses.
Australian Creative Commons Project
has some information specific to the Australian context, including another
Examples of Creative Commons licensing and other initiatives of free and open content
This website (see the license at the bottom of the screen)
- Your Free University
The South African Curriculum
- The National Curriculum of South Africa
Massachusettes Institute of Teachnology Open Courseware
- A leader in the free and open education practice.
Conversation with Chuck Vest
- Vest was the president of MIT when it conceived of and launched
Finding Creative Commons Content
blendedlearning/Sourcing Content to Teach and Learn With
- "...this search helps you find photos, music, text, and other works whose authors want you to re-use it for some uses -- without having to pay or ask permission."
Flickr Creative Commons
- "Many Flickr users have chosen to protect their work with a Creative Commons license, and you can browse or search through photos under each type of license."
- an extension for
-based browsers, including
, which provides a convenient way to examine
licenses embedded in web pages.
8. RIP, MIX, FEED (knowledge and content sharing)
What is Rip, Mix & Feed?
"Rip, Mix & Feed" refers to the process of using social software and web feeds to gather resources, combine them together to create new customised resources, then sharing those new resources with others.
Examples of Rip, Mix & Feed
- one of many, the the best known community music sites featuring remixes where you can listen to, sample, mash-up, or interact with music in whatever way you want.
- A collaborative (rip, mix, feed) effort to present at, and document the AusTAFE 2005 conference
- An H2O Playlist is a series of links to books, articles, and other materials that collectively explore an idea or set the stage for a course, discussion, or current event.
- An example of a 'playlist' community website.
The five most recent posts by five Australian educational webloggers - displayed here combining five web feeds into one using Blogsieve
- Alan Levine
More Ripping and Mixing
- from Brian Lamb and the UBC's Office of Learning Technology
- Will Richardson's interest in 'citizen teacher' and wikipedia's early start to documenting Hurricane Katrina.
9. THE NETWORKED LEARNING MODEL
What is the Networked Learning Model?
In the read/write and personalised mediascape, it is social software that enables networks to form. Web feeds enable individuals to communicate and share information within the network. Tagging enables individuals and networks to manage and locate information. Creative Commons clarifies and permits the legal sharing, use and re-use of information and resources.
Examples of Networked Learning
This webpage development has been a process and the result of networked learning.
A typical day in the life of a teacher using the networked learning model -
Morning at RSS-Blog-Furl High School Redux
Connectivism: Learning as Network-Creation
- "The shortcomings of behaviourist, cognitivist, and constructivist ideologies of learning are answered in light of learning as a connection-forming (network-creation) process."
If you don't build it, they'll build their own...
- Brian Lamb describes how students choose to create their own learning network.
Principles of distributed representation
- Audio of Stephen Downes' talk about the changing conception of knowledge, the idea of knowing (and learning) as a network phenomenon, and how that changes how we should approach metadata and in particular learning object metadata.
10. THE FUTURE VIRTUAL LEARNING ENVIRONMENT
What is the Future VLE?
We are still learning about what the future VLE might be or look like. Given that the Internet and associated technologies are still rapidly evolving, and that our cultures and values are changing along with it (be it not as fast), and that schools and our ideas of teaching and learning have a lot of adjusting to go through, the future of the VLE idea is very much in discussion. Teachers, educational administrators, policy makers and project managers must maintain maximum flexibility, engage in the discussions, and invest wisely and independently.
Possible Scenarios of the Future VLE
A concept diagram for the Personal Learning Landscape
Future VLE - The Visual Version
Small Pieces (Not So?) Loosely Joined (and already spammed)
- and Lifelong personal portfolios -
Personal start pages -
Google Personal Page
Social networking sites -
Everything you need to teach and learn online
Small Technologies Loosely Joined
of eLearning 2.0 - Stephen Downes talk at the ADETA 2005 conference in Edmonton
2000 years ago, Latin writer Seneca said...
"The fates guide those who go willingly; those who do not, they drag."
11. ABOUT THE PRESENTERS
is a freelance researcher, consultant, trainer and presenter with a passion for emerging technologies and their impact upon society. He is currently working on the LearnScope project -
Casting the Net - mLearning with MP3 players, audio lessons, audio blogging and podcasting
, and the
Online Mentoring Network
E-Learning Networks Project
, Australia and teaches at the
Blue Mountains Campus of Illawarra TAFE
. Leigh maintains the
Teach and Learn Online
which focuses on networked learning issues, free and open source software and courseware, and new teaching and learning paradigms. As a result Leigh is occasionally invited to give presentations and conduct workshops.
Both Sean and Leigh believe knowledge should be made freely available to all. To this end they use
Software (FOSS) whenever possible and other free and low-cost online tools to make learning accessible and to create Open Content.
12. Copyright and Licensing Information
This presentation is released under a
Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike license
. This means you can use and repurpose this resource as long as you make your adaptation available to others under the same license. For more info on this type of licensing see
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